Step by Step guide on how to Become a Doctor in Canada [2023]


Bill Gardner tested positive for a sore throat in March 2020, but couldn’t obtain an appointment due to coronavirus pandemic delays.

Gardner wasn’t examined out until four months later, when he coughed up blood.

Gardner’s cancer might not have been as serious if he had been tested sooner and received rapid treatment.

It wasn’t because there were no doctors available to care for him; rather, the doctors were focused on patients in critical condition.


As a result, the large epidemic of COVID 19 made Canada recognize that it lacked doctors.

This indicates that there will be more career prospects for doctors in Canada.

If you believe that practicing medicine is for you, you should know the simplest way to become a doctor in Canada. Because there is a position available in Canada.


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According to Statistics Canada, more than 4.5 million people in the country do not have family doctors.

In addition, the Canadian Health Authorities are actively recruiting doctors from other nations to fill the shortfalls.

As the population grows, doctors have become one of the most in-demand professions.

As a result, there is a pressing need to learn how to become a doctor in Canada.


While we focus on how to become a doctor in less time, we will also highlight the best medical schools to attend and what it takes to become a doctor in Canada.

Why Become a Doctor in Canada?

If you ask a Doctor why they choose to work in the “Medical Profession,” they’ll offer you more reasons than the “flexibility of hours” that you see on websites.

Over the last few years, more than 100 doctors from the United States have relocated to Windsor, Ontario.

Meanwhile, the Canadian Institute for Health Information indicates that foreign migration has resulted in an increase in the number of doctors and physicians in the country.

There are numerous benefits for doctors to pursue a career in Canada, ranging from work-life balance to growth opportunities.

Here are some of the most significant advantages of becoming a doctor in Canada:

Hours Flexibility

In Canada, doctors can work regular office hours, evening hours (4 p.m. to 9 p.m.), shift work, and call (day call, overnight call, or weekend call).


Though other doctors opt to work contracts that involve night or evening shifts, call, and faster-paced workplaces.

As a doctor in Canada, your work flexibility is determined by what you choose to do.

Job Contentment

Doctors in Canada find enormous satisfaction in using their medical knowledge and talents to enhance the lives of their patients.

As a result, becoming a doctor in Canada allows you to concentrate in whatever area of medicine you find most intriguing and personally fulfilling.

Surgeons, for example, diagnose difficult illnesses, then execute procedures and create cutting-edge surgical techniques.

While general practitioners address a wide range of diseases and enjoy great standing in their communities.

Finding your specialization in medicine might lead you to a position that is a perfect fit for you based on your interests and skills.

Finally, the path you take as a doctor in Canada will affect how balanced your career becomes.

Education Quality

Doctors in Canada are trained according to the medical model, which means they are taught to think, speak medical terminology, and accurately diagnose diseases.

In Canada, doctors’ education is essentially compressed into 5 years, depending on the degree of study.

Job Safety

It is not difficult to find work in Canada after completing your schooling. In most Canadian cities, opportunities for doctors and physicians exist.

According to the BLS, the need for doctors in Canada will increase by 13% between 2016 and 2026, which is faster than the average for other occupations.

In addition, there were 91,375 physicians in Canada in 2019, representing 241 physicians per 100,000 people.

Approximately half of Canada’s 713,800 doctors work as family doctors.

However, a rising number of doctors are transitioning from family medicine to working in prestigious hospitals.

High-Paying Job

Doctor’s wages in Canada can provide you with pleasant amenities such as large houses, great automobiles, a good education for your children, and a comfortable lifestyle.

The average pay of doctors in Canada, according to, is C$147,080, which is greater than the average salary claimed by doctors in other nations.

What Skillset Do I Need to Work as a Doctor in Canada?

There are distinct skill sets required to become a professional Doctor in Canada.

According to your job description, you will require the following talents to be effective:

  • To successfully finish the essential academic instruction and to continue learning throughout one’s life, intellectual capacity is required.
  • Ability to build trust and rapport with others.
  • Working long hours requires endurance.
  • Capability to work effectively as part of a health care team.
  • Emotional maturity and strength.
  • Excellent communication abilities.
  • Ability to solve difficulties and organize the work of others.

Allergy Doctors, Anesthesiology Doctors, Cardiology Doctors, Colon and Rectal Surgeons, Critical Care Medicine Specialists, Gastroenterology Doctors, Geriatric Medicine Doctors, and Family Doctors are all categories of doctors in Canada.

What are the Requirements to Become a Doctor in Canada?

Many Canadian institutions demand a high school curriculum that includes science, chemistry, or biology classes.

Some, on the other hand, only demand any undergraduate degree as long as the course can help you in your future work as a doctor.

From coast to coast, Canada has over seventeen medical schools.

Many of them have residence restrictions, which means that the majority of their admissions are from in-state students.

Some do have admission slots for international students, but they are often restricted and the entrance standards are always higher.

In addition, most Canadian universities employ the MCATs (Medical College Admission Test) to screen applicants. And MCAT testing occurs at various times throughout the year.

MCAT scores are always one of the key requirements, albeit how they are handled varies by school.

So, to ensure entrance, check the school’s admission requirements. Because the MCAT is not required by all medical schools in Canada.

Furthermore, most medical schools require applicants to submit transcripts, essays, and personal interviews.

To guarantee that you are eligible to apply, conduct thorough research on each school’s admission requirements.

Remember that just one-quarter of students who apply to Canadian medical schools are accepted, so having great credentials and a good university GPA will help you.

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In general, the most important prerequisites for becoming a doctor in Canada are an undergraduate degree, transcripts, essays, and personal interviews, as well as an MCAT score.

What Degree Do You Need to Become a Doctor in Canada?

The majority of medical schools in Canada have a four-year program. The exceptions are the University of Calgary and McMaster University. These universities provide uninterrupted three-year degrees.

The first two years are spent in a laboratory setting.

This means that students study subjects linked to medicine, such as those listed below:

  • Pharmacology
  • Ethics
  • Physiology
  • Microbiology
  • Physiology
  • Anatomy

In the third and fourth years of medical school, clerkships are performed.

Students can learn about many medical vocations and essential medical specializations.

Students are also involved in patient care on a daily basis.

What High School Courses are Needed to Become a Doctor in Canada?

Students applying to medical schools must have a bachelor’s degree. These degrees require coursework in chemistry, biology, organic chemistry, and physics.

Many colleges additionally require the following courses.

  • English or French
  • Math
  • Statistics
  • Humanities
  • Social Science
  • Biochemistry

This means that students who major in biology or chemistry will not be admitted to medical school.

Only the necessary courses must be completed.

Some Canadian colleges do not require any prior coursework.

Taking the majority of the subjects listed above, on the other hand, is a wise decision.

How Much Does it Cost to Become a Doctor in Canada?

The first hurdle is admittance to Canadian medical schools. The next challenge is figuring out how to pay for it.

To enter medical school in Canada, you must prepare because the tuition is quite pricey.

This is not to scare you, but to raise your knowledge and mindfulness of what you may encounter.

What does it cost to become a doctor in Canada?

It all depends on whatever medical school you attend.

For Canadian residents, the fees range from $6,000 to $16,000 per year. In addition, international students will pay around $20,000 in tuition.

The cost of attending medical school in Canada varies greatly amongst schools. The length of your program might sometimes effect the cost.

Yes! Medical school in Canada is too expensive.

You have a lot to pay, from school to rent and living expenses.

However, the Canadian government is addressing this issue by providing scholarships and financial aid to medical students.

Here is a list of medical schools in Canada, along with their tuition costs:

Medical Schools in Canada


Tuition for Canadian Students Tuition for International Other Compulsory Fees
Alberta $11,714 N/A $1,043
UBC $15,457 N/A $208-$865
Calgary $14,600 N/A $793
Dalhousie $13,818 $21,078 $908
Laval $3,240/$8,879 $25,317 $714
Manitoba $7,499 N/A $984
McGill $4,825/$13,224 $37,705 $2,553
McMaster $20,831 $108,546 $737
Memorial $6,250 $30,000 $1,140
Montréal $3,102/$8,501 $24,239 $1,355
Ottawa $18,117 N/A $902
Northern Ontario $17,200 N/A $1,750-$2,050
Queen’s $18,228 N/A $912
Saskatchewan $12,276 N/A $697
Sherbrooke $3,170*/$9,494 $25,582 $1,081
Toronto $18,424 $51,051 $1,509
Western $17,722 N/A $973

Please keep in mind that the cost of books and rent is not included in this table.

How Many Years Does it Take to Become a Doctor in Canada?

Becoming a doctor in other countries takes roughly the same length of time as it does in the United States.

In Canada, prospective physicians must also complete an undergraduate degree (3 to 4 years) before enrolling in medical school (4 years), followed by 2 to 5 years of residency.

Your hospital residency training is for your chosen specialty.

After passing the examinations and receiving your doctor’s license, you’ll need further hands-on experience before you can formally become independent and accept patient care.

This is your chance to do something you’ve always wanted to do.

Throughout your first year of residency, you are considered an intern.

The rest of your time as a resident, which can last up to six years depending on the specialty, is referred to as “the resident.”

It is also the period when you will begin to be paid.

As a result, becoming a doctor in Canada takes anything between 10 and 13 years.

How to Become a Doctor in Canada: Step by Step Guide

In Canada, being a doctor or physician takes expertise, patience, a drive to study, and a lifelong dedication to improving patient health.

Doctors play an important role in the health-care system, and many people rely on their experience and skill.

Becoming a doctor in Canada may be both difficult and rewarding.

If you want to practice medicine, you must first learn the processes to becoming a doctor in Canada.

1. Get a University Degree

To become a doctor in Canada, you must first obtain a degree from an approved university. This must be a bachelor’s degree, and most medical schools prefer that your degree be scientific in nature.

Though a bachelor’s degree is not required, as some believe, it will aid you by providing you with a fundamental understanding of concepts such as biology and chemistry.

However, most Canadian medical schools include a list of necessary courses, the majority of which are scientific courses.

So, while in university, make sure you take these classes.

2. Take an Entrance Exam

Many medical schools in the United States will require you to take and pass the MCAT (Medical College Admission Test), thus this is a vital step as well.

3. Attend Medical School

Attending medical school is the third and last step toward becoming a doctor in Canada.

There are 17 medical schools in Canada to choose from, but the majority of them require candidates to be residents, or citizens of the nation, in order to enroll.

In general, medical schools in Canada endure four years; the first two years are spent in the classroom and lab, while the latter two years are spent in the medical facility. You will be dealing with patients here under the supervision of qualified doctors.

4. Take and Pass Your Licensing Examination

After completing four years of medical school training, the next stage is to pass the licensing examination.

This is done to demonstrate your knowledge and proficiency before you may work as a doctor in Canada.

The exam is known as the Medical Council of Canada Evaluating Examination (MCCEE), and it is the most difficult exam that medical students will ever take during their studies.

Students in their last year of education are required to take exams established by the Medical Council of Canada.

Without this exam, no medical student can practice in Canada.

As a result, students should begin planning and studying early by employing a variety of study strategies.

5: Finish Your Residency

Finally, after passing the MCCEE exam and becoming licensed, Canadian law requires you to undergo a residency program before you may begin practicing professionally.

The goal is for newly licensed doctors to learn from more experienced doctors and to adjust to their new professional paths.

The residency period for family doctors is two years, while for specialists, it is more than four years.

In general, becoming a doctor in Canada requires ten years of study and residency. However, with sufficient devotion and determination, you can become one of Canada’s future successful doctors.

Where Can I Work as a Canadian Doctor?

Canada offers numerous options and places to work. It is entirely up to you whether you want to work in a hospital, as a family doctor, or as a general practitioner.

But no matter what you choose, you can always find job. Because, unlike in other countries, doctors are in high demand in Canada.

In general, medical professionals in Canada work in private practice, which includes group or team practices, hospitals, and clinics.

There are employment available across Canada including in large cities such as Toronto and Vancouver, but the highest demand is in remote or rural areas and in locations outside of major cities.

In Alberta, 18% of people do not have a primary care physician, while 26% in French-speaking Quebec do.

According to current study, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Quebec have the most physicians and doctors, while Saskatchewan and Prince Edward Island have the fewest.

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As a result, when looking for a job in Canada, focus on rural areas where family doctors and other types of physicians are in high demand.

As the country’s population continues to grow, demand for doctors in Canada is likely to rise in the coming years.

What is the Average Salary of a Doctor in Canada?

The pay of a medical doctor in Canada is entirely dependent on the province in which you live, your specialization, and where you work.

As a result, there are numerous factors that influence doctor salaries in Canada.

Here are a few examples:

Number of Patients

The average income of doctors in Canada is derived from a variety of sources. The first stems from the fee per service that doctors charge the government.

The average income under this approach will be determined by how many patients they can see in a day, the service they give, and the province from which they operate.

The fee-for-service approach is used by 97% of doctors in Canada, according to the Canadian Institute for Health Information.

According to this model, a doctor’s hourly wage in Canada will vary depending on the number of patients seen each hour, the province where they work, and the amount they can bill for each patient.

The average cost per service for a family physician was $47, $82 for a medical specialist, and $89 for a surgical specialist, according to the CIHI.


The average income will rely on your speciality, much as the number of patients impacts the salary of doctors in Canada.

As a result, more specialized medical disciplines will command greater wages but also require longer hours.

A doctor’s income is also affected by other factors such as specialization.

Such higher-paying specialty necessitate additional years of education, greater work hours, and a more demanding workplace.

However, the average compensation for a doctor in Canada in 2018 was 281,000 for family physicians, $360,000 for medical specialists, and $481,000 for surgical specialists.

In Canada, doctor salaries range from $278,000 for psychiatrists to over $769,000 for ophthalmologists.

Where You Can Study to Become a Doctor in Canada?

Canada has been ranked as the finest country in the world for quality of life for the past four years. This includes everything from housing to education to environmental protection.

It is currently a popular destination for persons seeking new possibilities and better job experience, thanks to its open spaces for immigrants, classy cities, and active lifestyle.

Medical school is a challenging and competitive atmosphere where students must be well prepared and dedicated to succeed.

The majority of medical schools in Canada are located in Ontario.

  • Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University
  • Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta
  • Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia
  • Faculty of Medicine, Laval University
  • Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary
  • Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba
  • Faculty of Medicine, McGill University
  • Faculty of Medicine, University of Montreal
  • Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa
  • Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University
  • College of Medicine at the University of Saskatchewan
  • Faculty of Medicine, University of Sherbrooke
  • Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland
  • The Faculty of Medicine at Queen’s University
  • Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto
  • Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Western Ontario


In Canada, being a doctor requires several years of education and a commitment to lifelong learning.

If this is a field that interests you, it is worth another look.

Having a better understanding of what it takes to become a doctor and being licensed will help you become a doctor in Canada faster.

In general, the following methods will help you become a doctor in Canada in less time.

  • Complete Your University Degree
  • Take an Entrance Examination
  • Attend Medical School
  • Examine and Pass Your Licensing
  • Finish Your Residency

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